OrganicValley726x88
Loading...
You are here:  Home  >  Pasture Health  >  Forage  >  Current Article

Chomp Down on Chicory

By   /  August 18, 2014  /  3 Comments

Great protein, grows well, and has tannins that help livestock deal with parasites. Plus, it’s pretty! What’s not to like about this forage?

    Print       Email
How could you hate anything this pretty? Especially since it's good eating!

How could you hate anything this pretty? Especially since it’s good eating!

Chicory has a list of names longer than its stems: blue daisy, blue dandelion, blue sailors, blue weed, bunk, coffeeweed, common chicory, cornflower, hendibeh, horseweed, ragged sailors, succory, wild bachelor’s buttons, wild endive, and witloof.  Most of us have it in our pastures and fields, and many of us probably think of it as a weed.  But here’s a little information that might help you think differently – and maybe even add it to you list of valuable forages.

Thousands of years ago, chicory was eaten in Egypt. The plant originated in the Mediterranean and began to travel the world as a salad green. Fresh leaves are still sold as radicchio in Italy and the French produce a green they call whitloof chicory, Belgian endive, or French endive by forcing chicory roots to sprout while deprived of light. Beyond its use as a salad green, chicory roots have been commonly roasted and used as a coffee substitute or additive. They can also be eaten raw or boiled, or dried and ground, and used as seasoning.

ChicoryFactChicory came to North America in the 1700s and was a cultivated plant for about 200 years. In 1950 or so, it lost its status as a purposefully planted crop when it became more economical to import chicory. While it was under cultivation, it escaped its planted fields and spread throughout southern Canada and the United States. Chicory now grows along roads and highways, and can also be found in pastures, fields, and lawns. It grows in all soil types, but prefers lime-rich soils. Since it doesn’t tolerate cultivation, its spread is somewhat controlled. It spreads by seed, with each plant producing about 3000 seeds.

It is a high quality forage crop that contains tannins valuable to address parasites in small ruminants, and as a plant, it does well in rotational grazing systems. Its leaves have protein levels are between 20-30%, and it has a digestibility level of about 90%. Flowers, though lovely, and their stems are lower quality forage.

Given all this, you may be want to consider chicory an alternative forage crop, rather than a weed.

Oh yeah – need to teach your livestock to eat this?  Here’s how!

 

    Print       Email

About the author

editor and contributor

Kathy worked with the Bureau of Land Management for 12 years before founding Livestock for Landscapes in 2004. Her twelve years at the agency allowed her to pursue her goal of helping communities find ways to live profitably AND sustainably in their environment. She has been researching and working with livestock as a land management tool for over a decade. When she's not helping farmers, ranchers and land managers on-site, she writes articles, and books, and edits videos to help others turn their livestock into landscape managers.

3 Comments

  1. Robin says:

    Thank you for this article, Kathy. My understanding, though, is that not all chicory is alike in it’s anthelmintic properties. Could you elaborate on this? We have plenty of the chicory shown in the photograph, but I thought that it wasn’t the proper variety? thanks!

    • Kathy Voth says:

      Hi Robin,

      Here’s what I’ve found. Chicorium comprises 7-9 species of weeds, ornamentals, and salad greens. The only 2 species in North America are Cichorium endivia which is endive, and Cichorium intybus, the pretty, blue-flowered, woody-stemmed plant in the pictures for this article. So if you’ve got this you’ve got the kind with tannins. In general, precipitation, soil-type, and soil-fertility can alter the quantity of chemicals in plants, so it’s possible that in some areas chicory isn’t as potent as in others.

      A couple additional things I found as I was looking for information for you: Folks like this plant in New Zealand. It is included in pastures because it grows in low ph soils, it has high nutritional value and is considered very palatable to stock, it is a perennial that lasts for five years and it doesn’t cause bloat. They also like it because, once established, its long taproot allows chicory to survive summer dry spells. They consider it a good addition to silage or baleage – it can be mixed with clover and other forages.

      Go chicory! 🙂

      • Robin says:

        Awesome news! Thanks! Our sheep love the leaves in the spring and are nibbling these days on the flowers! Hate walking through the pasture with those stems scraping my legs but I’m all for chicory with those health benefits!

OrganicValley726x88

You might also like...

Grazing Stockpiled Pasture How-Tos

Read More →