Conservation Easements FAQs

Conservation easements are a way to protect open lands such as farms and ranches, wildlife habitats, historic and cultural sites, and scenic vistas from development, while keeping them in private ownership. Conservation easements are flexible to meet the needs of the landowner, protect private property rights while providing compensation to landowners, and can be a way to keep ensure that land remains in agricultural production. Conservation easements can reduce your tax burden and make your family operation affordable for the next generation. The folks at the New Mexico Land Conservancy provided these answers to frequently asked questions to help you see if conservation easements might work for you.   What is a conservation easement? A conservation easement is a type of voluntary, land protection agreement between a landowner and a land trust that contains certain restrictions on the subdivision, development and use on the landowner’s property in order to protect significant resources such as productive agricultural land, ground and surface water, wildlife habitat, scenic views, cultural and historic sites, or recreational lands. Landowners agree to voluntarily give up part or all their development rights in perpetuity by granting a conservation easement to a qualified conservation organization such as the New Mexico Land Conservancy. The terms of a conservation easement are flexible and are negotiated between the landowner and the land trust. Each con

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