Home Livestock Behavior We Finally Get a BudBox

We Finally Get a BudBox


Spring is a pretty exciting time for me, as it is for all graziers. The grass bursts forth and my days are filled with watching new mothers and frolicking calves. Summer is pretty fun too, as the pastures are covered in good feed and the cattle grow fat. But even with all that glory, fall is probably my favorite time of year. Cattle drift off to market, the ranches get “put to bed” for the winter, and the afternoons take on that wonderful yellowish light that photographers love.

Oh, and hunting season begins.

Chukar Partridge. Photo courtesy of Imran Shah 2017

Each fall I head out to the high country, looking for birds, the ones the bird books call “upland game.” The “game” here is that my buddies and I trudge up impossibly steep high-desert mountains, seeking creatures that are remarkably more suited to the country than we are. Chukar partridge run quickly up 80 degree slopes, then fly downhill at speeds approaching sixty miles per hour. Our only equalizing force is the dogs: fine Pointers with insanely tuned noses and bred-in instinct, the dogs’ job is to find birds, pin them down and wait patiently for the humans to show up. The dogs often cover 10 or 20 miles each day in rough country, while the humans scramble around trying to keep up. This is a ridiculous sport.

Young Ava brings in her first Chukar.

After a few days in Chukar camp, we often begin going for long drives in the afternoon, giving the excuse that the dogs need a rest. These treks allow us to check out new hunting spots while poking around, looking the country over and resting our own legs. Last year we were cruising across the desert, maybe twenty miles south of camp when I saw some kind of structure a half-mile to the east. As I slowed the truck down for a look, my partner asked what was up.

“Well, look out there on that flat. Looks like a set of corrals.”

“Oh boy.”

“Look, I know we’re just awful busy, but I’d like to stop and look that outfit over, if that’s alright with you.”

“Oh boy.”

A few minutes later I was standing in the load-out chute, surveying the wing fences that guide cattle into the main pen, the sorting alley, the side pens, and finally, the load-out area itself. That’s when I stopped and stared.

“Well, I’ll be danged.”

“What’s up?”

“Well, here we are, out in the middle of nowhere, and these guys have built a set of corrals with a BudBox.”

I went on to explain that the BudBox works not by forcing cattle up the chute, but by taking advantage of their normal behavior patterns and allowing them to load out quickly and quietly. I told him that using the box requires some herding skills, but was more efficient and less stressful than conventional corral designs.

“Oh boy.”

On the way back to camp I found myself thinking about that set of corrals and the BudBox. There we were, out on the desert at least fifty miles from the nearest town, looking at a set of corrals that most likely only gets used once each year, and these fellows were sophisticated enough to have a BudBox attached to their load out. Back home, I use my own shipping/receiving/processing station at least weekly through the spring and summer. Why is it that I don’t have my own BudBox? Maybe it was time for change.

First, a Little History

Over the past forty years or so, I’ve helped design and build several corral set-ups. Most of these are add-on affairs, taking advantage of existing structures, adding processing and load-out facilities onto loafing sheds and catch pens. Most of them look something like this:

In this situation, the herder moves a single cow or a small group of animals to the end of the pen, then uses the crowding gate to force the animals into the alley way. Some folks are more successful at this maneuver than others. For some, the crowding gate is seen as a shield that keeps the herder safe while he screams and yells and whacks at the cattle. I guess this works moderately well, but frankly, includes plenty of stress on everyone involved.

A couple decades ago we began reading about Dr. Temple Grandin’s work. She showed the importance of using angles of approach, body language, aspect and flight zones.

Courtesy of Temple Grandin

While her early graphics looked a bit like engineering drawings to me, as I studied and practiced her methods the results were very positive. Eventually, I found I could rely less and less on using the crowding gate as a physical force, relying instead on proper herding technique to help the cattle find the escape provided by the alleyway. The fact is, our old design worked pretty darn well, especially as our skills improved.

Still, watching videos, like this one, of people effortlessly moving cattle from a holding pen into the working alley by using a BudBox was pretty convincing. Using a BudBox clearly requires some specific herding skill, but much less brute force.

The box can also be a very modest add-on to an existing facility. All that’s required is a few panels and some re-design work. After seeing that BudBox out on the desert, I guess I felt compelled to build my own.

Last spring, I opened the end gate at my main processing center and added a few panels, constructing a crude BudBox. Throughout the season I tinkered with the box, moving the panels to change width, depth, and angles. Throughout the season I learned a bit and improved my herding skills. In the end, I settled on a design that looks like this. You can see the changes I made in yellow/orange:

And here it is from the cow’s eye view:

Does it work? I hope so.

For the first time in many, many years, we have exactly zero cows staying with us this winter, so I’m a bit short on animals to practice with. I do happen to have a couple of young bulls hanging around the HQ, so I put them through the new Bud Box several times. The results were about as expected: extremely easy, quiet, calm, with those boys walking slowly up the alley toward the working chute. I find myself looking forward to some new arrivals, cows that have never seen a Bud Box before. All a-tingle, here.

I’m all set for a calm and easy winter here, looking forward to a great spring with plenty of…

Happy Grazing!

Here’s another article from John about modifying his facilities to make livestock handling easier.

Enhanced Livestock Handling Facilities for the Single Man/Woman (With or Without Short Legs)

Note from Kathy – 01/16/23

John and I have been working on a collection of short stories he wrote about cattlemen/women. Right now we’re in the process of getting it into print and digital format. I think the stories are great and I’m really excited about the book coming out. If you’d like to know when it’s available, send me an email. Then, as soon as it’s ready, I’ll let you know.

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John Marble
John Marble grew up on a terribly conventional ranch with a large family where each kid had their own tractor. Surviving that, he now owns a small grazing and marketing operation that focuses on producing value through managed grazing. He oversees a diverse ranching operation, renting and owning cattle and grasslands while managing timber, wildlife habitat and human relationships. His multi-species approach includes meat goats, pointing dogs and barn cats. He has a life-long interest in ecology, trying to understand how plants, animals, soils and humans fit together. John spends his late-night hours working on fiction, writing about worlds much less strange than this one.


  1. I have a portable corral system that I put up adjacent to holding pens in front of loafing sheds. It’s simply a bud box and ally made with priefert panels leading right the chute. I have a lot of trouble getting them in the ally sometimes. As I work them around the bud box to the ally opening they often pause at that point and try to back up or turn back into the bud box. Any advice?

    • Hi Webb.

      I’m going to suspect you are truly competent at performing the basic herding maneuvers inside of the BudBox. (not everybody gets this part right). If that’s so, the issue is likely visual stimulation of some kind.

      First, does the BudBox entry gate appear to be solid? I say “appear”, as this is really a visual thing. I like to sheet my gates with black landscaping cloth. This offers no structural strength, but it’s light and cheap and works very well. I use zip-ties to hold it in place.

      While we’re talking about the entry gate, make sure the gate is hinged on the correct end. When you close the gate and enter the BudBox, you should naturally be positioned at the point where the herder needs to be standing. I occasionally see boxes designed exactly the wrong way on this point, and it causes a hick-up in the cattle traffic pattern.

      Next, the alley way itself. Make sure the alley way is straight, rather than curved, and that it maintains a straight path for at least 10 or 15 feet. If the alley way is currently open-slatted, try sheeting the outside of the panels with the same black ground cloth mentioned before. I think this offers less visual stimulation, and makes a “light at the end of the tunnel” sort of cow’s-eye view. Finally, if your alley way is equipped with alley-stops, I’d suggest either removing them or folding them into the open position.

      I think we’ll be showing some of these little tweaks (along with some more tricks) in a future On Pasture article. Thanks for your question.

      • Thanks for the reply. I currently do not have any solid covering on the panels and have considered trying that. I think it could definitely help because right now I don’t think they really get a strong sense that heading down the ally is the best route to escape the pressure.

  2. John,

    Liked your pens. I built something similar but go from dual bud boxes to a sweep then into the chute. I have the option of using one bud box or both. The other direction goes to the loading ramp. It works good especially for cows that tend to get agitated.

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