How to Establish and Manage Red Clover

With the discoveries that red clover can increase weight gain and prevent fescue toxicosis, we thought you'd like some info on how to add it to your pasture. Thanks to Genevieve of Kings Agriseeds for helping us out with this! Not only does red clover boost a pasture’s quality, diversity, and even yield, it’s also easy and economical to add in to an existing stand. Red clover is tolerant of a wider range of soils than alfalfa – including some heavier soils with lower pH conditions – and the small seed broadcasts easily. The seedling tolerates shading to some extent, as well, which makes interseeding into sod more successful. Red clover grows taller and more productive than white clover, but has to be managed carefully and is generally treated as a 2-3 year crop. Early flowering red clover types include common medium red clover, suitable for 2-3 hay cuttings per year. Late-flowering red clovers, such as mammoth types, are generally good for one large hay crop per year, plus aftermath growth, and are better in cooler climates. Stoloniforous types spread more readily, and can be more drought tolerant. Red clover can be grown as a pure stand, a companion crop, or sod seeded. Look for varieties that are resistant to northern and southern anthracnose, powdery mildew, and root and crown rots. If you are interseeding, make sure you maintain fertility levels – soil test and topdress accordingly. Clover is best to establish in late summer, when weed competition will

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